Objective: This paper will explore ultimate frisbee injuries.
Method: This study uses an anonymous, retrospective, self-reported survey of 135 adult athletes at a Midwestern ultimate frisbee tournament. Subjects were queried regarding injuries to specific body parts, those causing missed activity, recurring injuries, medical care. Also they are diagnosing first if the age of the adult athlets don’t have any arthritist or other illness. Never the less there is always arthritis treatment port charlotte fl to help them in a situation. sought, basic demographic data, duration of participation, handedness, and eye color. Categorical data were analyzed by chi-square tests. Qualitative responses were categorized by themes.
Results: Respondents had a mean age of 28 years and 59% were male. Mean playing time was 8.2 hours per week and 7.5 total years. Ultimate frisbee injuries included muscle strains (76% of subjects), ankle (65%), knee (53%), shoulder (37%), head (30%), and rib (21%) injuries. Blisters/calluses and black toenails were frequently mentioned. Recurrent injuries were reported in 49%. Shoulder injuries were more common in men than women (47% versus 24%, P<0.02). Of respondents, 88% have missed ultimate frisbee activity due to injury, and 71% have sought medical care for ultimate frisbee injuries.
Conclusions: The majority of surveyed ultimate frisbee players experience injuries and seek medical care, and even a few of the players has to seek a medical malpractice lawyer as well. Health care professionals should be aware of the injuries associated with ultimate frisbee and further studies should focus on prevention and education strategies.
The sport of ultimate frisbee is growing in popularity, and there is little known about it in the medical literature. Ultimate frisbee is a non-contact disc sport played by 2 teams of 7 players on a field the size of a soccer field. The object of the game is to score goals, which are achieved when a player catches the disc in the end zone. The disc is advanced through the air and players are not allowed to run with it. Ultimate frisbee combines elements of soccer, football, and basketball, and players must run, cut, guard, jump, throw, catch, and at times layout (dive horizontally with an outstretched arm) for the disc. The sport is currently self-refereed. Ultimate frisbee originated on the high school and college campuses of the 1960s and 1970s, but tended to be mainly a college sport at that time. It has since gained popularity at all levels, including high school, college, club, and masters, and consists of men’s, women’s, and mixed (co-ed) teams. Ultimate frisbee recently debuted as a medal sport at the 2001 World Games in Japan and is currently played by over 100,000 players worldwide in over 30 countries.1
There is little information in the medical literature regarding ultimate frisbee and its associated injuries. A Medline search using the keywords “frisbee” and “ultimate frisbee” yielded few articles, none of which are specific to the sport of ultimate frisbee. The first report was a letter to the editor in 1975 describing “frisbee finger,” an abrasion of the middle finger of the dominant hand from repetitive throwing.² Another letter followed thereafter, suggesting adhesive tape to the finger for prevention.3 Beer and Fleming reported that dark-eyed individuals performed better at throwing a frisbee through a hoop.4 (If it has been found that eye color affects frisbee skill, one might wonder if it also affects injuries.) A 1989 article reported distal ulnar artery thrombosis in a frisbee player, necessitating hospitalization.5 Muller et al discussed hypothenar hammer syndrome in sports, and cited the frisbee player’s injury from the prior article.6 Finally, complete rupture of the deltoid ligament of the ankle was reported in 1991.7
None of these studies specifically address injuries related to the sport of ultimate frisbee.
Because there is limited information on the subject of ultimate frisbee injuries, this study was undertaken to further evaluate ultimate frisbee injuries and to educate physicians about the sport.
Adult attendees at a Midwestern ultimate frisbee tournament of approximately 900 players, sponsored by the Ultimate Players Association in 2002, participated by voluntarily completing an anonymous survey. In order to advance to this regional tournament, teams had participated and advanced from sectionals; regionals are the final step before nationals, so the level of play was competitive. Athletes were questioned about injuries to specific body parts, injuries causing missed activity, recurring injuries, and injuries for which medical care was sought. Participants were also queried regarding age, gender, duration of participation, handedness, and eye color. For specific survey questions see Table 1. Categorical data were summarized and analyzed by chi-square testing using Epi-Info software. Qualitative responses were categorized by type and method of injury.